DESIGNING THE EMPEROR'S NEW GROOVE
© 2000 Ron Barbagallo
A background painting depicting the mythical South American mountain kingdom
and the village below in Disney's feature film The Emperor's New Groove.
Pre-Columbian art inspires the look of Disney’s 39th animated feature.
Ancient art and a ten day trip to Peru served as inspiration for the artists
working on Disney’s 39th animated feature The Emperor’s New Groove. Set in a mythical land, the look of the film is drawn from the arched lines
and caricatured motifs found in Pre-Columbian art.
“We wanted to come up with a fantasy place that people haven’t seen before, not historical in any way” stated English-born art director Colin Stimpson. “A group of us went to Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas, studied their
artwork and used it as a springboard. A lot of Incan design really lends itself
to animation. Their textiles have quirky little animals throughout as a motif.
We also looked closely at the gold statues the Incas made, took one of those
designs and used it for inspiration for the design of the facade of the palace.
We looked at small sculptures, blew them up and used them out of context. For
example, the design of the throne came from an Incan mask.”
Facial designs from an Incan Mask served as inspiration for Kuzco’s foreboding throne room.
Films from Disney’s past, such as Peter Pan and Lady And The Tramp, also had an influential role. Producer Randy Fullmer explains, “We realized that those films were lit very much like a stage play. It’s really clear at all times where your eye should go on the screen. We wanted
to direct the viewer’s eye by using bold, simple values and pools of light to emphasize characters
and reinforce the mood.”
Artists combined the influence of vintage Disney backgrounds and merged with
the arched lines and deep angles found in Incan art. The effect could be
felt in the interior designs of the palace and exterior landscapes as well.
Director Mark Dindal explains, “In the jungle world, they use a lot of curves that don’t exist. The earth does not really make that kind of swoop, but it is believable
and more fun than a literal hillside. That is something we saw in the background
art from Peter Pan and Cinderella.”
This character model sheet of Kuzco drawn by Nik Ranieri from designs by Joe
uses elongated triangular shapes and semi-circles found
in ancient art as a substructure
for the design of the character’s head and torso.
A conceptual painting of Bucky by Joe Moshier.
Circles, triangles and grids found in ancient art permeate the designs of The Emperor's New Groove.
Angular geometrics which accented ceramic art from the Moche tribe as well
as African tribal masks and Oceanic artwork found their way, via embellished
details, into the film’s character designs. Joe Moshier, who served as the film’s character design artist stated “My main focus was making sure the shapes spoke clearly because when people respond
to a character, you are noticing the shapes and the gesturing. Then I would
take some of the shapes from familiar icons and insert them into some of
the patterns. I didn’t want to affect the anatomy too much because I didn’t want it to seem forced. I did it in small touches here and there, like in the
step above the first knuckle that describes the knuckles of Kuzco, Kronk
and Pacha’s hands.”
With a story that focuses on humor and the interplay of its four main characters,
the geometric visuals behind The Emperor’s New Groove borrow from kingdoms of the past to decorate a lighthearted modern comedy.
The Emperor's New Groove opened theatrically on December 15, 2000.
The facade of Kuzco’s palace owed its design to elements taken from gold Incan statues.
All images are © Disney Enterprises Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
The author would like to thank Howard Green, Ray Morton and Dave Koch for their help.
This article and interview is owned by © Ron Barbagallo. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
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BY RON BARBAGALLO:
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Tim Burton's Corpse Bride, an interview with Graham G. Maiden's narrates the process involved with taking
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Wallace & Gromit: The Curse Of The Were-Rabbit, in an interview exclusive to this web site, Nick Park speaks about his influences,
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For a complete list of PUBLISHED WORK AND WRITINGS by Ron Barbagallo,
click on the link above and scroll down.